Riding your bicycle is good for you mentally, physically and emotionally.1 There are more bicycles on the streets than ever before.2 People appreciate the autonomy and avoiding traffic jams or packed buses and trains. In response, many towns and cities have added dedicated bicycle lanes. They help make riding a less expensive and greener transportation alternative.

Riding bikes regularly each week can improve cognitive function and well-being while increasing physical fitness.1

There are many kinds of bicycles available. From the most specialized to the most basic, here is a selection of the most popular types:3

Man riding an electric mountain bike on the road.
Road and mountain bikes: Each is designed for specific surfaces. Road bikes are built for speed on paved surfaces. Mountain bikes are the best for rough terrain, with heavy-duty tires and powerful brakes. Hybrid bikes combine the best of both bikes.

Cruiser or city bikes: Built for comfort and affordability, these bikes are the best for touring the town in style.

A cheerful young family with two children who enjoys bicycle ride together, on a sunny springtime day
Cargo or freight bikes: Usually made of a heavy metal, these bikes can have a cargo platform or a bench for carrying passengers.

Pedal-assist or electric bikes: These are great on hills or if you don’t want to get sweaty riding. These bikes use rechargeable batteries and can go up to 20 mph.

Man participating in a handcycle race
Recumbent bikes: With a low-to-the-ground design and reclining seat, these bikes are popular with people who may need back or knee support.

Trike bikes or tricycles: The three-wheel design lends balance to people who are less confident in their riding skills.

A mid adult African-American woman in her 30s exercising at home in the living room, on an exercise bike.
Stationary bikes: Sometimes called spin bikes, these are for indoor use. They provide a solid workout that often can be done in a group class, or while watching a live or recorded class online.

Pick your favorite set of wheels and get spinning. Your body and mind will thank you.

Before you start any new exercise routine, talk to your doctor to make sure it’s safe for you. When riding, always follow safety guidelines like wearing a helmet and obeying traffic laws.4

What’s your why?  

Riding your bicycle will get your heart beating faster, but how hard should your heart work?

Published May 15, 2024




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