Burping, bubbling, bloating and discomfort perfectly describe how your stomach feels when you have indigestion, also known as an upset stomach. It’s a lousy way to cap off a great meal. So what can you do about it, both long and short term?

What is indigestion?

Indigestion is not an actual illness. Rather, it’s a series of symptoms that occur while eating or shortly after. While an upset stomach could be caused by a more serious condition, it can often be a matter of eating the wrong thing the wrong way. Common symptoms include:

  • Bloating and tightness caused by a buildup of gas
  • Fullness: it can happen early during the meal or shortly afterward and last longer than it should
  • Upper abdomen discomfort: you could feel mild to strong pain or burning between your breastbone and belly button
  • Belching to release the gas
  • Nausea or vomiting

How to prevent upset stomach

Mild and occasional cases of indigestion can be relieved by changing what you eat and how or when you eat. If you occasionally experience indigestion, try these tactics to alleviate the symptoms and frequency of occurrence:

  • Avoid eating foods that trigger indigestion (some dishes that didn’t bother us at one time in life may be troublesome at other times); common culprits include fatty, greasy, spicy and/or highly acidic foods
  • Eat smaller meals more frequently throughout the day; aim for five or six instead of the big three—breakfast, lunch and dinner
  • Keep an eye on the amount of caffeine and alcohol you consume (caffeine can be found in tea, chocolate and soft drinks as well as coffee)
  • Monitor your stress and anxiety; they can also show up as indigestion
  • You may also want to avoid some pain relievers, such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) and naproxen sodium (Aleve)
  • Iron supplements may also contribute to indigestion
  • You can often treat occasional indigestion by taking an over-the-counter antacid (be sure to follow the package directions and make sure you’re taking the correct type of antacid)
  • Try incorporating ginger, oatmeal, non-citrus fruits, egg whites and healthy fats into your diet
  • To avoid ingesting too much air when you eat, try chewing with your mouth closed and slowing the pace at which you eat
  • Avoid late-night meals, then sit up and relax after a meal and don’t lie down too quickly

If you continue to experience indigestion, you can request a visit with a Teladoc doctor 24/7 who can help you understand your symptoms and feel better. You should also seek immediate medical attention if you experience these symptoms:

  • Unintentional loss of weight or appetite
  • Bouts of vomiting or blood in vomit
  • Black, tarry stools
  • Trouble swallowing that worsens
  • Weakness or fatigue

What’s the difference between indigestion and heartburn?

Here’s an important note: Indigestion is different from heartburn, which can be described as a pain or burning feeling in the center of your chest. Heartburn symptoms may also mimic the signs of a heart attack, so don’t hesitate to talk to a Teladoc physican today or seek emergency help if you are unsure about what you’re experiencing or if you also have shortness of breath; sweating; chest pain that radiates into your jaw, arm or neck; or chest pain during physical exertion or when you feel stressed.

The nationwide Teladoc network of board-certified physicians can diagnose and treat non-emergency conditions such as indigestion, diarrhea and acid reflux.

This portion of the Teladoc website occasionally offers health, fitness and nutritional information and is provided for educational purposes only. You cannot rely on any information provided here as a substitute for or replacement of professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Teladoc cannot assure that the information contained on this site always includes the most recent findings or developments with respect to the particular subject matter covered.

If you ever have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other healthcare professional. Do not disregard, avoid or delay obtaining medical or health-related advice from your healthcare professional because of something you may have read on this site. The use of any information provided on this site is solely at your own risk.

If you are in the United States and think you are having a medical or health emergency, call your healthcare professional, or 911, immediately.

The COVID-19 pandemic is rapidly evolving. While we are continuously reviewing and updating our content, some of the information in this article may not reflect the most up-to-date scientific information. Please visit the online resources provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the World Health Organization (WHO) and your local public health department to stay informed on the latest news, or reach out to Teladoc to speak with one of our board-certified physicians.